Contribution Diversification for plastic

Contribution diversification decided for plastic packaging

The purpose is to encourage the use of more recyclable packaging, linking the Contribution level to the environmental impact of the end-of-life/new-life phases, starting from plastic packaging, the most complex material in terms of variety of types and selection and recycling technologies.

During 2015, the three Guiding Principles were agreed for Contribution diversification:

  • sortability,
  • recyclability,
  • for packaging meeting the first two criteria, the main target circuit of the packaging when it becomes waste.

The target circuit can be “Household” or “Commerce & Industry”. “Household” circuit packaging also includes that from “Commerce & Industry” systematically treated as household waste.

The Guiding Principles were defined following a detailed analysis with a positive and constructive dialogue with the Association of Packaging Producers and Users, in order to agree the approach to be followed.

Through application of the Guiding Principles, three categories of plastic packaging were defined:

  • sortable and recyclable packaging from the “Commerce & Industry” circuit – LEVEL A
  • sortable and recyclable packaging from the “Household” circuit – LEVEL B
  • packaging not sortable/recyclable with current technologies – LEVEL C.

With this new approach, three different Contribution levels for as many different categories of plastic packaging are envisaged: sortable and recyclable plastic packaging from the Household circuit will benefit from a reduced CAC, and sortable and recyclable packaging from the Commerce & Industry circuit (hereinafter C&I) will benefit from an even lower reduced CAC, while packaging that presents greater difficulty in end-of-life management will not benefit from any reduced CAC, regardless of its target circuit.

The summary of the procedure followed to launch Contribution diversification is provided in the Manual_Contribution_diversification_for_plastic_packaging

Reduced Environmental Contribution packaging list:

Thanks to the analysis of 59 of the most popular types of plastic packaging put on the market, the two reduced CAC packaging lists were obtained: sortable and recyclable from the “Commerce&Industry” circuit and from the “Household” circuit. Indicatively, on an annual basis, the lists can be updated based on the reports received and in the light of the evolution of sorting and recycling technologies, by the Permanent Technical Assessment Committee – PTAC.

It is recommended to check the updated packaging lists available at the link: Lists_of_plastic_packaging_three_Contribution_levels – Lists_of_plastic_packaging_in_the_Contribution_levels_2019

Reduced Environmental Contribution packaging list update:

Sortability and recyclability evolve over time depending on the evolution of the types of packaging used for consumption and the changes that can occur in sorting and recycling systems.

To monitor such developments and periodically update the list of reduced CAC packaging, the CONAI Board of Directors has established a specific Permanent Technical Assessment Committee which, also with the support of industry experts, will propose to the Board possible changes to the reduced CAC category lists.

The Permanent Technical Assessment Committee consists of four CONAI directors: two packaging producer representatives and two user representatives.

Contribution levels – Entry into force :

From 1 January 2018, the values of the three Contribution levels for plastic packaging will come into effect, defined as follows:

  • Level A (sortable and recyclable packaging from the commerce and industry circuit): €179.00/t
  • Level B (sortable and recyclable packaging from the household circuit): €208.00/t
  • Level C (packaging not sortable/recyclable with current technologies): €228.00/t

For determination of the values of the three levels, a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach – subjected to a “critical review” by an accredited third entity – was adopted, which identified the environmental impacts of the end-of-life/new life phases of the packaging.

You can consult the Plastics Critical Review Report: Rapporto_Critical_Review_Plastica.

The LCA study is available to anyone requesting it via the online form of the Conai website in the “Contact Us” area, selecting “Diversified Contribution” from the list of topics.

As widely requested by companies, however, in this initial application phase, a gradual approach has been adopted which envisages full implementation from 2019.

Test phase

From 1 May 2017, the new forms that Consortium members can use for Environmental Contribution declarations pertaining to April 2017 are available and are compulsory starting from declarations pertaining to July 2017.                 During the test phase, the unique value of the plastic Environmental Contribution, amounting to €188.00/ton, will remain unchanged. Any errors in inputting the types of packaging declared in the corresponding Contribution levels will have no consequences for companies.

Accommodating the requests of Associations and Companies, the effective date of Contribution diversification is envisaged for 1 January 2018, so as to coincide with the calendar year.

Innovations in the forms

All information regarding innovations in the declaration forms can be found in the Technical_Guide_Contribution_diversification_for_plastic_packaging

, the document illustrating the impacts of diversification of the plastic Environmental Contribution in applying, declaring and exemption from the CONAI Environmental Contribution (see the 2017 CONAI Guide). The Technical Guide must be consulted in conjunction with the 2017 Conai Guide for any checks/details, until it constitutes an integral part of the same during year.

Who to contact for clarification:

For any clarification, please fill in the online form on our website in the  “Contact Us” section, selecting “Diversified Contribution” from the list of topics or contact the Toll-Free Number 800337799.

For further information please read the press release: Contribution diversification for plastic packaging